Minster Stoves & Heating
Wood Burning & Multi-Fuel Stove FAQ
Wood Burning & Multi-Fuel Stove FAQ - Wood Burning Stove Installation and Installers Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Shropshire
Our Wood Burning & Multi-Fuel Stove FAQ
In our opinion, there is nothing better than the beauty and warmth provided by a wood-burning or multi-fuel stove. It can also be a cost-effective and environmentally friendly heating option. There are a number of questions that are commonplace, so we thought we’d answer some of your questions. If you don’t find the answer here, please don’t hesitate to contact us for friendly and helpful advice. Please also see our guide to wood-burning stove problems.
Click on each question to see the answer

Are Wood-Burning & Solid Fuel Stoves Being Banned?

NO, wood-burning and multi-fuel stoves are NOT being banned!

DEFRA has developed the ‘Clean Air Strategy’ which in relation to stoves, aims to tackle three key areas; limit the sale of polluting fuels, improve the efficiency of stoves and update legislation regarding Smoke Control Zones.

The new legislation simply means that old and more polluting stoves will no longer be manufactured and there is no legal requirement for homeowners to remove their existing stoves – just that if and when they replace their stove it must be an ‘EcoDesign‘ compliant stove. (opens in a new browser window)

In response to DEFRA’s ‘Clean Air Strategy,’ the stove industry has introduced ‘EcoDesign 2022.’

Minster Stoves & Heating are supporters of manufacturers who make new contemporary wood-burning stoves, which are EcoDesign stoves,  as endorsed by the Stove Industry Alliance (SIA) (opens in a new browser window). The aim of these stoves is to reduce potentially harmful particle emissions by more than 80% compared with stoves from a decade ago.

Do I need a chimney to have a wood burning stove?

No, you don’t need an existing chimney in your property. You can have a stove almost anywhere, a conservatory, kitchen, bedroom or study. If you don’t have a chimney then your stove can be installed using a twin-wall flue system.

Please be advised that twin-wall flue systems do substantially increase the cost of the installation as you are adding a chimney to the cost of an installation rather than just a standard stove installation.

Are there minimum distances between stoves & combustible & none combustible materials

Yes, the distances that a stove should be from combustible and non combustible materials will be stated in the manufacturer’s installation instructions. These distances must be adhered to and if no distances are given then distances should be checked directly with the manufacturer.

As a rough guide, you must have a minimum of 6 inches (150mm) either side of the stove, 2 inches (50mm) at the rear and 2 inches (50mm) at the top of the stove.

Do I need to line my chimney?

At the time of writing, it’s not a legal requirement to have your existing chimney lined with a liner (e.g. flexible stainless steel or pumice concrete), but it is recommended – it’ll ensure good draw, the air wash functions properly, increase the efficiency of your stove, stop smoke leaking out through cracks in your chimney and reduce the risk of a chimney fire if tar and soot deposits build up.

Does my room need an air vent?

All stoves with an output of over 5kW must have an air vent fitted in the room that it is installed in.

There must not be an extractor fan in the same room as a stove as this will pull gases out of the stove. If insufficient fresh air is provided, this will lower the atmospheric pressure within the room and may lead to poor combustion and smoke leakage from the appliance bringing smoke and carbon monoxide into the room.

New build properties require an air vent regardless of the kW output of the stove due to being relatively airtight, equally any property likely to be as airtight as such a property, there MUST be a PERMANENTLY OPEN air vent within the room (venting to outside).

What material should my hearth be constructed from?

The hearth should be constructed of a non combustible material such as granite, sandstone, glass, slate, tiles or bricks, the thickness of which should be stated by the stove manufacturer.

The general requirement is for a 125mm thick non combustible hearth in accordance with Approved Document J of the Building Regulations, unless the appliance has been independently tested to ensure that the hearth temperature does not exceed 100 degrees centigrade.

How do I light my wood-burning stove?

  1. Prime the flue. Roll up a couple of pieces of newspaper, light one end, and hold it in the firebox of the wood stove, up near the flue collar. As the flue gasses start to move up the flue you will feel the draft reverse. This is a particularly important step in cold weather – a cold flue will not draw and your room will fill with smoke unless you get the flue/chimney warm.
  2. Scrunch up or tie in knots 8-10 (depending on the size of stove & logs) large sheets of newspaper and place these on the bed of the combustion chamber. Open the dampers (air vents) on the fire.
  3. Open the dampers (air vents) on the fire.
  4. On top of the paper place a handful of kindling & light the newspaper.
  5. As the kindling starts to burn, add more kindling to the flames creating a small bonfire.
  6. Once the kindling is burning well and starts to blacken, place a few smallish seasoned logs on top. Try to angle the logs so they are slanted across the flames to allow air to circulate around the pile & so the logs don’t crush the kindling. Excess smoke indicates you are suffocating the flames.
  7. Now close the door/doors of the stove, not fully, but maintaining a 1 inch gap/crack. This gap will create a rush of air to be drawn into the stove & up the chimney from the room. You should then see the flames burning intensely. Leave the door ajar for 10-15 minutes so the fire is roaring.
  8. Once the fire is burning well, add further logs as desired. Close the door and dampen down the air vents so there is sufficient air flow for combustion but not enough for a raging inferno (unless of course you want a raging inferno!) The more air flow the hotter and faster the fire will burn. This gives off more heat but also burns the logs faster.

How do stoves give out their heat?

The heat produced by a stove is by convection and radiant heat. Convection comes from room air circulating and making contact with the hot surface of the stove. Radiant heat is infrared heat directly through the glass.

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